Conclusions & Recommendations

There are several conclusions and recommendations that can be drawn from the preceding analysis:

  • First, without a program to incent the purchase and installation of renewable technologies or the wholesale reduction in costs, the cost premium for
    achieving a net zero design will prohibit any large scale adoption and net zero designs will remain a niche market.
  • Second, a modest increase in capital cost to reduce the overall building energy intensity causes a significant reduction in the capital required to
    purchase and install enough renewable technology to achieve a net zero energy designation.
  • Third, the unknowns involved with wind energy make it difficult to recommend for wholesale adoption in an urban environment. The potential
    maintenance costs, insurance costs, neighbour complaints and the need foran environmental assessment at each site prohibit the recommendation.
  • Last, solar represents the best option for large scale adoption. In Ontario, theattractive FIT incentive makes implementing solar energy financially
    beneficial. In British Columbia, the lack of maintenance or insurance concerns, while not requiring an assessment facilitates wide scale adoption to a potential prototype building.